Pregnancy is a wonderful stage of life for any woman. You are nuturing a new life inside you and also experiencing different kinds of emotions.
There will be questions in your mind bombarding every now and then – “Am I eating healthy?”, “Should I start eating for
two” etc. Always remember one thing “You are a proud pregnant woman and not a patient” . Just enjoy this phase and follow your doctor’s guidance throughout the period of pregnancy.
What you choose to eat and drink during pregnancy will have a huge effect on your baby before they’re born and will have a lifelong effect on their health.
In fact, many common diseases affecting adults can be linked back to nutrition in the womb. Hence, good nutrition will ensure your baby’s physical & mental development, which will protect your baby from heart diseases, obesity, type 2 diabetes when he/she grows up.
Gaining too little weight can lead to:
- Increase in the risk of having a low birth weight baby(<2.5kg)
Gaining too much weight can lead to:
- Backaches and varicose veins and, possibly, health complications such as Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) and Pregnancy – Induced Hypertension (PIH). This may also result in complications during delivery.
- An increased risk of having a large baby, who may become obese later in life.
In general, your total weight gain during pregnancy depends on:
- Your pre-pregnancy body weight and
- The number of baby/babies you are expecting
Did You Know?
Trying to lose weight during pregnancy is not recommended and can put your baby at risk. Always remember – healthy weight gain supports a healthy pregnancy
Use the Body Mass Index (BMI) to determine your pre-pregnancy body weight status.
BMI Weight (kg)
Height (m) x Height (m)
|18.0 – 22.9||Normal Body weight|
|23.0 – 24.9||Overweight|
|25.0 and above||Obese|
*Misra et al. Consensus dietary guidelines for healthy living and prevention of obesity, the metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and related disorders in Asian Indians. Diabetes TechnolTher. 2011 Jun;13(6):683-94.
What is the right weight gain?
- Slow weight gain in the first trimester (1 to 3 kg)
- Picks up momentum in the second and third trimester (0.5 kg each week, or 0.7 kg a week if you’re expecting twins)
Recommended weight gain chart during pregnancy#
Status + No. of BabiesRecommended
Weight Gain (kg)
|At your healthy weight + single baby||11-16|
|Underweight + single baby||13-18|
|Overweight + single baby||7-11|
|Obese + single baby||5-9|
|At your healthy body weight + twins||17-24.5|
|Overweight + twins||14-23|
|Obese + twins||11-19|
#Guidelines issued by the US Institute of Medicine (IOM) in May 2009