world allergy week
world allergy week
world allergy week
world allergy week
world allergy week
world allergy week
world allergy week

Danone on World Allergy Week

We, at Danone are committed to continue delivering high-quality, safe nutrition and scientific research in the field of Allergy.

  • What is Food Allergy?
  • Symptoms of Food Allergy
  • Foods that causes Allergy
  • Food Allergy Diagnosis
  • FAQs
what_food_allery what_food_allery

What is Food
Allergy?

The misguided reaction of the immune system to a certain food protein and the symptoms caused by this are called food allergic reaction.

An allergic reaction is simply an overreaction of our immune system. With a food allergy, the body’s immune system mistakenly recognizes common proteins that are present in the foods we eat as “dangerous”. An immune response is set in motion aimed at neutralizing the “dangerous protein”. This wrong immune response is responsible for the symptoms experienced by a food allergic child or grown-up.

F00d allergy OR f00d intolerance?

Food allergies and food intolerances are two totally different reactions in the body.

A Food Allergy is an overreaction of the immune system to a certain protein in our food, such as Cow’s milk protein or Soya protein.

It occurs because the immune system believes that allergenic food is harmful, so it mounts an attack which leads to allergic symptoms like swelling, wheezing, itching, bloating or diarrhoea. This reaction is reproducible, which means that it happens every time when certain foods are consumed.

When talking about Food Intolerance, it means any kind of negative reaction to a certain food or food additive that our body is unable to deal with.

There can be lot of reasons for this, such as monosodium glutamate, histamine, enzyme deficiencies or an irritable bowel. Food intolerance, as opposed to food allergy, does not involve the immune system.

Did You Know ?

Reactions to food intolerances vary from one person to the next and heavily depend on the amount of food eaten, on how it was prepared and the individual condition of the affected person.

Symptoms of F00D Allergy

Food allergy symptoms are most common in babies and children, but they can appear at any age. You can even develop an allergy to foods you have eaten for years with no problems.

center-baby
symptoms-drop

The incidence of food allergyis commonly estimated to be greater in children(5-8%)than in adults (1-2%)

More than170foodshave been
reported to cause Allergic Reactions

Globally200-250million people
may suffer
from foodallergy

milk Milkallergy

is one of the
most common foodallergy in Infants

Here is the symptoms checklist for your Baby. Check out Now

F00ds that Causes Allergy

food-allergy-digram

Diagn0sis

How can you find out whether your child is food allergic?And what will your child’s doctor do to reach a proper diagnosis?

diganosis-girl

What will
happen at
the doctor’s Clinic

Diagnosing Food Allergy will take your child’s doctor a bit more than just doing a single test. Your child’s symptoms, medical history and assessment as well as any test results will be considered when deciding if your child has a food allergy.

How you can
best prepare yourself
for the visit

When it comes to diagnosing allergies, the child’s medical history may be as important as any diagnostic test results. Information about your medical family history as well as the medical history of your child should be prepared before visiting the doctor.

Additionally, it’s a good idea to prepare questions you might like to ask your doctor, such as:

Could my child’s symptoms be caused by food allergy?

Is it possible to confirm my child’s food allergy? Which tests will have to be performed?

Do I need to see a specialist?

What will be the next steps?

Some of the common symptoms of Food Allergy are - crying, skin rash, diarrhea, colic, wheezing, vomiting, or restless sleep in your baby.
Some babies will have an immediate and severe reaction such as wheezing, swelling of the lips, itchy and red blotchy skin or vomiting. In very rare cases, some babies might develop anaphylaxis – a life-threatening reaction, which requires emergency medical attention. Other babies will have a more delayed reaction that appears between several hours and up to three days.
All babies are different. Post initiation of the treatment as recommended by your doctor the symptom resolution will depend on the severity of the allergy and the symptom.
Food Allergy will be diagnosed by your Pediatrician/doctor. Once an allergy is suspected, they will take a detailed clinical history. This involves asking if:
  • If there is a family history of allergies?
  • If your baby is breast or formula fed?
  • How often your baby feeds and how much they feed?
  • How much is their weight progressing?
  • What kind of symptoms are they showing?

Which diagnostic tests your doctor would perform

Your child’s doctor should use all of the information mentioned above to decide whether allergy tests are called for. Allergy testing can involve skin or blood tests as well as diagnostic diets. Which type of test your doctor considers to be suitable depends on the type of allergy suspected.

diganosis-end-diagram

All these tests have to be performed under medical supervision by a formally-trained allergist doctor or allergist.

Allergy Symptom Checker

Tool Kit

If you have found one or more symptoms to match those suffering by your child, the questions listed below will help you to find out if a food allergy could be the cause of the trouble. Answering these questions will bring you closer to determining if and how your child is affected but please don’t fail to discuss the test results with your child’s doctor.

Question 1 of 18

Does your child suffer from itchy, red, raised skin (eczema)?

Eczema Eczema (comes from Greek,meaning 'to boil over') is a form of dermatitis, or inflammation of the outer layer of the skin.

Question 2 of 18

Does your child vomit?

Babies often spit up bits of food, but vomiting beyond the typical mealtime regurgitation should be examined by a doctor. Reflux symptoms, such as spit-up and difficulty swallowing, can also be milk allergy symptoms.

Vomiting Vomiting (known medically as emesis and informally as throwing up and a number of other terms) is the forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.

Question 3 of 18

Is reflux a problem?

Reflux Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) or acid reflux are chronic symptoms or damage to the mucous membrane caused by stomach acid coming up from the stomach into the oesophagus.

Question 4 of 18

Does your child have diarrhoea?

Diarrhoea Diarrhoea is frequent loose, watery stools. The loss of fluids through diarrhoea can cause dehydration and electrolyte imbalances.

Question 5 of 18

Does/did your baby suffer from infant colic?

Severe irritability (colic) Colic (also known as infant colic, three month colic, and infantile colic) is a condition in which an otherwise healthy baby cries or screams frequently and for extended periods, without any discernible reason.

Question 6 of 18

Does he/she suffer from gassiness?

All babies have gas, but when it occurs along with several of these other symptoms, it can also signal an allergy to milk proteins.

Bloat or wind Bloating is any abnormal general swelling, or increase in diameter of the abdominal area.

Question 7 of 18

Does your child have blood in the stools?

Blood in stool Bloody stools often indicates an injury or disorder in the digestive tract.

Question 8 of 18

Does your child have constipation?

Constipation Constipation refers to bowel movements that are infrequent and/or hard to pass.

Question 9 of 18

Does your child suffer from sneezing?

Sneezing A sneeze is a sudden, forceful, involuntary burst of air through the nose and mouth and is caused by irritation to the mucous membranes of nose or throat.

Question 10 of 18

Does your child suffer from wheezing?

Wheezing A wheeze is a continuous, coarse, whistling sound produced in the respiratory airways during breathing.

Question 11 of 18

Does your child have breathing problems?

Severe breathing problems Breathing problems or breathlessness is the inability to take in the oxygen, the body needs.

Question 12 of 18

Have you noticed any eye, lip or facial swelling after feeding your baby?

Eye, Lip and Facial Swelling A swelling is an abnormal accumulation of fluid beneath the skin.

Question 13 of 18

Does his/her clothes feel sweaty in the mornings?

Night sweat Night sweats is the occurrence of excessive sweating during sleep, even if your baby may not suffer from excessive perspiration while awake.

Question 14 of 18

Has your baby experienced a low or no weight gain?

Most infants double their weight by six months and triple it by 12 months. Another sign of good weight gain is when babies follow the standard developmental growth charts at their doctor's health maintenance visits. But when babies are not getting the nutrition they need because of excessive diarrhoea and vomiting, they are unable to grow like they should.

Diarrhoea Diarrhoea is frequent loose, watery stools. The loss of fluids through diarrhoea can cause dehydration and electrolyte imbalances.

Question 15 of 18

Is your child restless in his/her sleeping?

Restless sleeping The medical term for restless sleeping or sleeping difficulties is insomnia.

Question 16 of 18

Does your child refuse to be fed?

Feeding difficulty/refusal Feeding difficulty or refusal typically expresses itself in gagging, vomiting, and slow or difficult advancement of feeding volume.

Question 17 of 18

Does he/she suffer from extreme fussiness?

Every baby cries, but crying continuously and inconsolably for long periods of time is abnormal. When there is no apparent reason, this is usually called colic. Sometimes this extreme fussiness is actually caused by the gastrointestinal pain resulting from an allergy to milk proteins.

Fussiness Normal infant fussiness starts at about 1-3 weeks, peaks at about 6 weeks and reliably ends by 3-4 months, yet infants continue to experience plenty of burps and flatus well beyond 4 months of age.

Question 18 of 18

Does his/her back seem to arch?

Back arching Back arching, also during feeding, can occur in babies with significant reflux of food.

P.S. Answering these questions will bring you closer to determining if and how your child is affected but please understand that these are merely indications and don’t fail to discuss the test results with your child’s doctor.

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